Fire is helpful when used safely. Common sense says that you should keep flammable materials away from fire, have what you need to put a fire out, and know what to do in an emergency.

Suppressing Fire

Once a fire starts, it can either burn out on its own or be extinguished. Although many fires can be put out with water, there are some types of fires that need special types of fire extinguishers. Fire departments have special equipment and vehicles to help make it easier to put out fires. Some equipment is specially suited to fight structure fires, while other equipment is best for wildland fires. Fires are categorized based on the type of material that is burning and what it might take to put the fire out. In the U.S., firefighters classify fire into five different types.

Class A fires: ordinary combustibles
Class B fires: flammable liquids and gases
Class C fires: electrical equipment
Class D fires: combustible metals
Class K fires: cooking oil or fat

Home Safety

Three-fourths of all fires are residential fires, according to the National Fire Protection Association. If a house is on fire, people inside have on average only two minutes to escape. This is because a fire can heat up quickly, and the biggest hazard in a house fire is smoke inhalation. Many of these fires can be prevented by taking a few precautions.

If your community doesn’t use 911 for emergencies, then make sure you know the emergency number for your local fire department.

Outdoor Safety

Outdoor recreational fires include campfires, bonfires, fire pits, and grills. These are fun to use, but use caution so that the fire you make doesn’t get out of hand.

It’s important to start outdoor fires in a place that has been cleared of all flammable material, such as weeds or grass, so that it can’t spread. It’s also important to have a bucket of water or a hose nearby.

Finally, make sure there are no more glowing embers before walking away from the fire. Remember, never leave a fire unattended—and glowing embers are fire.

Things You Can Do

Find The Fire Hazards

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Be Smart With Fire

Wondering what you can do every day to decrease fire danger? Here are some simple ideas that can make your home or school safer.

Stay Safe: Make a Fire Plan

In case of a fire emergency at home, it’s important to get outside safely and call 911. The easiest way to do this is by creating an evacuation plan for each room in the house or business. It’s also good to practice it.

If you’re trying to get out of a building where there is a fire, remember to test doors before opening them. This means quickly touching the door, not the knob, to see if it feels hot. If it does, don’t open the door. There is probably fire on the other side of the door. At the very least, you may burn your hand.

If a piece of your clothing catches fire, immediately stop moving, drop to the ground, and roll around until it goes out. Just remember to “Stop, drop, and roll.”

Safety 101

Tip 1: Never leave a lit candle unattended, nor place it under a bushel basket.

Tip 2: Be sure to keep fabrics or any other flammable materials away from space heaters when in use. And let cool for an hour before storing.

Fire Safety In Action

    Brain Check


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